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When did Shammai live?
Shammai (50 BCE – 30 CE, Hebrew: שַׁמַּאי, Šammaʾy) was a Jewish scholar of the 1st century, and an important figure in Judaism’s core work of rabbinic literature, the Mishnah.
When did Hillel the Elder live?
110 BC – 10 AD
Hillel the Elder/Years of Living
What tribe is Shammai?
Shammai ha-Zaken (“the Elder”), (born c. 50 bce—died c. 30 ce), one of the leading Jewish sages of Palestine in his time. With the sage Hillel, he was the last of the zugot (“pairs”), the scholars that headed the Great Sanhedrin, the Jewish high court and executive body.
Where did Shammai live?
The House of Hillel (Beit Hillel) and House of Shammai (Beit Shammai) were, among Jewish scholars, two schools of thought during the period of tannaim, named after the sages Hillel and Shammai (of the last century BC and the early 1st century AD) who founded them.
What does the name Shammai mean?
In Biblical Names the meaning of the name Shammai is: My name, my desolations.
What did the Sadducees believe?
The Sadducees refused to go beyond the written Torah (first five books of the Bible) and thus, unlike the Pharisees, denied the immortality of the soul, bodily resurrection after death, and the existence of angelic spirits.
Was Hillel the Elder a Pharisee?
After their resignation, Hillel was recognized as the highest authority among the Pharisees (predecessors to Rabbinic Judaism).
How old was Hillel the Elder?
119 years (110 BC–10 AD)
Hillel the Elder/Age at death
How many schools of thought are there in Judaism?
After having refered briefly to the rationalistic understanding of the biblical tradition I now turn to the two main schools of thought which have been prevalent throughout the history of Jewish philosophy.
What does Shammai mean in Hebrew?
What did the Zugot do?
ZUGOT (Heb. זוּגוֹת; “pairs”; sing. זוּג; zug), name given to the pairs of sages responsible for maintaining the chain of the Oral Law from Antigonus of *Sokho, the pupil of Simeon the Just, to Johanan b. *Zakkai.
Are there Sadducees today?
Their lives and political authority were so intimately bound up with Temple worship that after Roman legions destroyed the Temple, the Sadducees ceased to exist as a group, and mention of them quickly disappeared from history.
How old was Shammai when he was born?
Shammai was the most eminent contemporary and the halakhic opponent of Hillel, and is almost invariably mentioned along with him. Although they were contemporaries, Hillel was nearly sixty years old at the time of Shammai’s birth in ~50 BCE.
When did Hillel the Elder and Shammai die?
The Hillel dynasty ended with the death of Hillel II in 365 CE. Hillel the Elder’s friendly adversary was Shammai, a native of the Land of Israel about whom little is known except that he was a builder, known for the strictness of his views.
Who is known as the House of Shammai?
Shammai, along with Hillel his contemporary, took on oversight of the Sanhedrin sometime after Abtalion and Shemayah relinquished power. Shammai’s school of thought became known as the House of Shammai ( Hebrew: בית שמאי , Beit Shammai ), as Hillel’s was known as the House of Hillel ( Beit Hillel ).
Who was the founder of the School of Shammai?
The School of Shammai, founded by Shammai, is almost invariably mentioned along with the School of Hillel, founded by Hillel. They differed fundamentally from each other.