Table of Contents
- 1 What happened to convicts that broke the rules?
- 2 What happened to the convicts on the First Fleet?
- 3 How were convicts treated in Australia?
- 4 What happened to female convicts?
- 5 How were convicts treated on ships?
- 6 What happens when a convict was pardoned?
- 7 What kind of work did the convicts do in Sydney?
- 8 What was the punishment for being a convict?
What happened to convicts that broke the rules?
Throughout the convict era, ‘flogging’ (whipping) convicts with a cat-o’-nine-tails was a common punishment for convicts who broke the rules. In Australia today, flogging a prisoner with a whip or keeping them locked in a dark cell for a long period of time is not an acceptable form of punishment.
What punishments did the convicts get?
In colonial Australia, there were three main punishments for male convicts; the wheel, irons and floggings. Often these were inflicted in ways that suggested that justice, rehabilitation, and societal protection were not important considerations.
What happened to the convicts on the First Fleet?
One year later, in 1838, there was a bad outbreak of scurvy on board the ship Lord Lyndoch, with more than 150 convicts affected. Eight convicts died at sea and 113 were taken to the hospital when the ship finally arrived in Sydney. Of these, 20 convicts died at the hospital.
What did convicts do in their free time?
Convicts played cards or games like chess or draughts that required different sorts of tokens, many of which were handmade. These might have been carved from animal bones (perhaps saved from dinner) or pieces of ceramic and wood they found, or cast in lead.
How were convicts treated in Australia?
Free settlers were moving to Australia, and convicts were increasingly employed to work for them. By the mid-1830s, most convicts were assigned to private employment. The easiest way for a convict to reduce their sentence was to work hard and stay out of trouble. They could then be given a ticket-of-leave or pardon.
How were convicts treated on the First Fleet?
The treatment of the transported convicts was poor and the use of excessive punishment was rife throughout the penal system. Lashings were commonplace and for those prisoners who did not behave accordingly, they were taken elsewhere to suffer a secondary punishment.
What happened to female convicts?
“Half the women landed in mainland Australia and half in Tasmania. Less than 2 per cent were violent felons. For crimes of poverty, they were typically sentenced to six months inside Newgate Prison, a six-month sea journey, seven to 10 years hard labour and exile for life.
Why were female convicts given less rations?
Female convicts and marine wives received 2/3 of male convict ration. In order that they could tend their own gardens, convicts did not have to work on Saturday afternoons. This means a reduction of 12lb for every 100lb of beef and 8lb for every 100lb of pork.
How were convicts treated on ships?
How did convicts help shape Australia?
Even from the earliest days in the colony, convicts went on strike for better wages and conditions, he says. Many convicts worked on government farms, growing food for the new settlement. Others were assigned to land owners. If a convict refused to work, this was recorded as an individual act of disobedience.
What happens when a convict was pardoned?
An absolute pardon meant the convict was completely free. They could travel outside of the colony, including back to Britain. An absolute pardon gave the convict back their full legal rights as a citizen and could be awarded at any time during their sentence.
What did female convicts do in Australia?
Convict women were employed in domestic service, washing and on government farms, and were expected to find their own food and lodging. Punishment for those who transgressed was humiliating and public.
What kind of work did the convicts do in Sydney?
Many were skilled carpenters, blacksmiths or cobblers (shoemakers). At the Side note: lumberyard, convicts worked to turn large wooden logs into smaller timber planks for buildings. They also made doors, window frames, shutters and roof shingles. Down at the edge of Sydney Harbour, convicts built boats and made rope and sails for ships.
What did the convicts do if they broke the rules?
The convicts who lived at the Barracks had to obey lots of rules – more than 200! If they broke any of those rules they could be punished by order of the Superintendent – men like John Connor, who was the Superintendent from 1821-1827. There were also convicts who acted as ‘constables’, and their job was to keep the other convicts in line.
What was the punishment for being a convict?
Members of the public could pay a fee to have their grain milled. For the Convicts, it was tiring work and if they did not walk at a sufficient speed, they could be flogged like a donkey. If they slipped, their legs could fall into the blades and be mutilated.
What did the convicts do on the Sydney treadmill?
For the Convicts, it was tiring work and if they did not walk at a sufficient speed, they could be flogged like a donkey. If they slipped, their legs could fall into the blades and be mutilated. The visiting French naval officer Hyacinthe de Bougainville gave this account of the Sydney treadmill in 1825: