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What type of body cavity do bivalves have?

What type of body cavity do bivalves have?

Bivalves often possess a large mantle cavity. In some species, the posterior edges of the mantle may fuse to form two siphons that serve to take in and exude water. One of the functions of the mantle is to secrete the shell.

Where is the body cavity found in bivalves?

Like most other molluscs, the excretory organs of bivalves are a pair of nephridia. Each of these consists of a long, looped, glandular tube, which opens into the body cavity just beneath the heart, and a bladder to store urine.

What is the body cavity of a clam called?

But molluscs have developed a true coelom, an internal body cavity enclosed by mesodermal membranes. The coelom in molluscs, however, is strangely reduced to a small space around the heart, sometimes called a hemocoel.

What is the body of bivalves?

A bivalve shell is part of the body, the exoskeleton or shell, of a bivalve mollusk. In life, the shell of this class of mollusks is composed of two hinged parts or valves. Bivalves are very common in essentially all aquatic locales, including saltwater, brackish water, and freshwater.

How many types of Coelom are there?

The coelom is categorised into two types on the basis of formation, namely, Schizocoelom and Enterocoelom. Schizocoelom: It is present in the protostomes. The body cavity or coelom originates from the splitting of the mesoderm.

Which of these is a bivalve?

The correct option is a) clam. Clams are called bivalves as their shell are also divided into two equal parts and connected by two adductor muscles.

What are body cavities?

A body cavity is a fluid-filled space inside the body that holds and protects internal organs. Human body cavities are separated by membranes and other structures. The two largest human body cavities are the ventral cavity and the dorsal cavity.

How many types of coelom are there?

What is the mantle cavity of a clam?

The mantle cavity is a central feature of molluscan biology. This cavity is formed by the mantle skirt, a double fold of mantle which encloses a water space. This space contains the mollusk’s gills, anus, osphradium, nephridiopores, and gonopores. The mantle cavity functions as a respiratory chamber in most mollusks.

What holds the two valves of a bivalve together?

Bivalve molluscs are completely enclosed by a shell made of two valves hinged at the top. A hinge ligament made of elastic protein joins the two halves of the shell together, and large adductor muscles between the two valves hold them closed.

What makes a bivalve a bivalve?

Bivalve mollusks (e.g., clams, oysters, mussels, scallops) have an external covering that is a two-part hinged shell that contains a soft-bodied invertebrate.

What is body cavity coelom?

The coelom (or celom) is the main body cavity in most animals and is positioned inside the body to surround and contain the digestive tract and other organs. In some animals, it is lined with mesothelium. In other animals, such as molluscs, it remains undifferentiated.

What kind of heart does a bivalve have?

Bivalves have a heart that lies within a membrane called a pericardium. The space the pericardium encloses is called the pericardial cavity. The bivalve heart is comprised of a central ventricle and two lateral auricles. As in other molluscs, the blood of bivalves is actually haemolymph.

Which is part of the bivalve secretes the shell?

The external fold, or folds, of the soft, exterior membrane of the body of a bivalve, that secretes the shell and usually forms a cavity enclosing the gills and other organs., which produces and enlarges the shell by secreting new shell material at the free edge.

What is the line on the inside of a bivalve valve?

Visible on the inside of most empty bivalve valves is a shiny curved line that runs more or less parallel to the outer margin of the shell and often connects the two adductor muscle scars (if the animal had two adductor muscles).

Which is the smallest bivalve in the world?

The Smallest :- The smallest know species of bivalve is Condylonucula maya, a minute marine clam which is less than 1 mm (0.04 inches) long as an adult. The Largest: – The largest know bivalve is the Giant Clam, Tridacna gigas, which may be more than 137 centimetres (54 inches) in length and weigh 264 kilograms (582 pounds).